New York

Top Climate Change Risks: Storm, Heat, Coastal Flood

Learn how climate change is affecting people in New York.
Then, check your local risk for heat, storm, fire, drought, and flood through 2050.

Typical Risks for Someone in New York

Compared to people in the United States, people in New York will experience especially increased risks from storm, heat, and coastal flood due to climate change over the next 30 years.

The ClimateCheck Risk Rating is a 1-100 score that measures historical risk and increased exposure to risk with climate change, compared to everywhere in the U.S. (lower 48 states). A rating of 100 means risk is the highest for the U.S., while 1 means the risk is the lowest of anywhere in the U.S. Even with a risk rating of 1, climate change has both localized and large-scale effects that impact everyone on Earth. See how we measure risk.

For fire, the bar estimates the middle 50% of buildings and middle 50% of land area. For heat, drought, and storm, the bars represent the middle 50% of the population.

Climate Risks for Cities in New York

Of the top cities in New York, the city with the highest overall risk is New York. The city with the lowest overall risk is Utica.

  • For heat, Long Beach has the lowest risk and Albany has the highest risk.
  • For storm, New York has the lowest risk and Watertown has the highest risk.
  • For drought, Long Beach has the lowest risk and Syracuse has the highest risk.
  • For fire, New York has the lowest risk and Utica has the highest risk.
  • For flood, Rochester has the lowest risk and Long Beach has the highest risk.

Comparing New York and Other States

Among the lower 48 states, New York's highest ranking is #4 for storm risk.

New Hampshire and Vermont rank highest for storm risk Nevada and New Mexico rank lowest for storm risk

New York ranks #33 for fire risk.
Highest fire risk: Utah and Kansas
Lowest fire risk: District Of Columbia and Rhode Island
See our fire ranking methodology.

New York ranks #8 for drought risk.
Highest drought risk: Arizona and Wyoming
Lowest drought risk: Mississippi and Illinois

New York ranks #31 for heat risk.
Highest heat risk: Florida and Louisiana
Lowest heat risk: Washington and North Dakota

Heat Risk in New York with Climate Change

An extremely hot day in New York depends on your location: 92ºF is extremely hot for New York, while 86ºF is considered extremely hot for Watertown. This is based on historical maximum temperatures on the top 2% of days in an average year.

The frequency of very hot days is increasing. On average, someone in New York will experience about 37 extremely hot days in 2050.

A typical person in the U.S. will experience about 43 extremely hot days in 2050.

Storm Risk in New York with Climate Change

To measure storm risk, we look at the amount of precipitation that falls in storms, and how many times this happens per year. A storm is based on the top 2% of rainiest days per year for a location. Our risk rating is based on the amount of precipitation historically and the relative increase compared to the rest of the United States.

Historically, Watertown experienced an average of 1.3 inches of rain about 9 times per year. In 2050, it is projected to experience an average of 1.6 inches of rain about 28 times per year.

Historically, New York experienced an average of 2.1 inches of rain about 10 times per year. In 2050, it is projected to experience an average of 2.7 inches of rain about 21 times per year.

Coastal Flood Risk in New York with Climate Change

Coastal flood hazards include storm surge, when strong winds push water to shore, and rising sea levels due to climate change. The rate of sea level rise varies along the coast. Rising seas contribute to greater instances and spread of high-tide flooding, when high tides inundate land, and greater potential storm surge depths.

How can we prevent and adapt to climate change?

Mitigating climate change—by eliminating our emissions into the atmosphere and reducing our strain on the environment—and adapting to our changing planet are both vital to our well-being.

Understand Risks

Check your address and get a free report describing risks to your property and in your area.

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Protect Homes and Communities

Check our free report for tips on protecting your home from hazards.

Green infrastructure is a category of nature-based solutions for increasing precipitation. Find resources for individuals and municipalities through the EPA's Soak Up the Rain initiative.

Planting trees and vegetation helps reduce extreme heat in urban environments. Cool Pavements can also help urban heat islands. Search the Heat Island Community Actions Database to see what some municipalities have been doing to reduce extreme heat risk.

Read more about building resilience for communies: U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit.

Use the Common Cause tool to find your representatives (federal to local), how to contact them, and information about political contributions and bills they have introduced.

Find Balance

Reducing emissions is necessary–and possible–across the globe and in every part of our society. Learn more with Project Drawdown's introduction to climate solutions.

Estimate your home's carbon footprint with the CoolClimate Calculator. Or, estimate the carbon footprint of your business.