Top Climate Change Risks: Drought, Flood, Fire

Learn how climate change is affecting people and real estate in Texas.
Then, check your local risk for heat, storm, fire, drought, and flood through 2050.

Typical Climate Risks for in Texas Homes and Properties

Compared the rest of the United States, homes and properties in Texas will experience especially increased risks from heat, fire, and storm due to climate change over the next 30 years.

The ClimateCheck Risk Rating is a 1-100 score that measures historical risk and increased exposure to risk with climate change for a given property address, compared to everywhere in the U.S. (lower 48 states). A rating of 100 means risk is the highest for the U.S., while 1 means the risk is the lowest of anywhere in the U.S. Even with a risk rating of 1, climate change has both localized and large-scale effects that impact everyone on Earth. See how we measure risk.

For fire, the bar estimates the middle 50% of buildings and middle 50% of land area. For heat, drought, and storm, the bars represent the middle 50% of the population.

Climate Risk Map for Cities in Texas

Of the top cities in Texas, the city with the highest overall climate risk to real estate properties is San Antonio. The city with the lowest overall risk is El Paso.

  • For heat, El Paso has the lowest risk and Laredo has the highest risk.
  • For storm, El Paso has the lowest risk and Houston has the highest risk.
  • For drought, Amarillo has the lowest risk and San Antonio has the highest risk.
  • For fire, El Paso has the lowest risk and Corpus Christi has the highest risk.
  • For flood, Fort Worth has the lowest risk and Houston has the highest risk.

Comparing Texas and Other States

Among the lower 48 states, Texas's highest ranking is #13 for heat risk.

Florida and Louisiana rank highest for heat risk Washington and North Dakota rank lowest for heat risk

Texas ranks #19 for fire risk.
Highest fire risk: Utah and Kansas
Lowest fire risk: District Of Columbia and Rhode Island
See our fire ranking methodology.

Texas ranks #27 for drought risk.
Highest drought risk: Arizona and Wyoming
Lowest drought risk: Mississippi and Illinois

Texas ranks #44 for storm risk.
Highest storm risk: New Hampshire and Vermont
Lowest storm risk: Nevada and New Mexico

Texas Heat Risk Map with Climate Change

An extremely hot day in Texas depends on your location: 105ºF is extremely hot for Laredo, while 96ºF is considered extremely hot for Corpus Christi. This is based on historical maximum temperatures on the top 2% of days in an average year.

The frequency of very hot days is increasing. On average, someone in Texas will experience about 43 extremely hot days in 2050.

A typical person in the U.S. will experience about 43 extremely hot days in 2050.

Texas Storm Risk Map with Climate Change

To measure storm risk, we look at the amount of precipitation that falls in storms, and how many times this happens per year. A storm is based on the top 2% of rainiest days per year for a location. Our risk rating is based on the amount of precipitation historically and the relative increase compared to the rest of the United States.

Historically, Houston experienced an average of 2.4 inches of rain about 9 times per year. In 2050, it is projected to experience an average of 3.0 inches of rain about 17 times per year.

Historically, El Paso experienced an average of 0.8 inches of rain about 8 times per year. In 2050, it is projected to experience an average of 1.1 inches of rain about 13 times per year.

Fire Risk in Texas with Climate Change

Locally, fire risk depends on proximity to vegetation, the types of vegetation and other landcover in the area, and topography. On a given day, fire risk is greatly increased in the presence of a red flag warning, when heat, low humidity, and strong winds converge.

How can we prevent and adapt to climate change?

Mitigating climate change—by eliminating our emissions into the atmosphere and reducing our strain on the environment—and adapting to our changing planet are both vital to our well-being.

Understand Risks

Check your address and get a free report describing risks to your property and in your area.

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Protect Homes and Communities

Check our free report for tips on protecting your home from hazards.

Green infrastructure is a category of nature-based solutions for increasing precipitation. Find resources for individuals and municipalities through the EPA's Soak Up the Rain initiative.

Planting trees and vegetation helps reduce extreme heat in urban environments. Cool Pavements can also help urban heat islands. Search the Heat Island Community Actions Database to see what some municipalities have been doing to reduce extreme heat risk.

Read more about building resilience for communies: U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit.

Use the Common Cause tool to find your representatives (federal to local), how to contact them, and information about political contributions and bills they have introduced.

Find Balance

Reducing emissions is necessary–and possible–across the globe and in every part of our society. Learn more with Project Drawdown's introduction to climate solutions.

Estimate your home's carbon footprint with the CoolClimate Calculator. Or, estimate the carbon footprint of your business.