El Paso, TX

Top Climate Change Risks:

Heat, Drought, Fire

Risk Snapshot

Climate Change Hazard Ratings for El Paso, TX

Ratings represent risk relative to the continuous United States. 100 is the highest risk for the hazard and 1 is the lowest for the U.S., but does not indicate no risk. Flood and fire are rated based on the buildings in El Paso exposed to these hazards. See hazard sections below and check your address for details.

People in El Paso, TX are especially likely to experience increased risks from heat, drought, and fire.

Heat risk in El Paso, TX is very high. Drought risk is high. Precipitation risk is relatively low. About 19% of buildings in El Paso, TX are at risk of wildfire, and the risk level for these buildings is high. About 30% of buildings in El Paso, TX are at risk of flooding, and the risk level for these buildings is significant.

Fire and flood risk can vary significantly for individual properties within a city. Check your address for detailed heat, storm, fire, drought, and flood risk through 2050.

Heat risk in El Paso, TX

The number of the hottest days in El Paso is projected to keep increasing.

In a typical year between 1985-2005, people in El Paso, TX experienced about 7 days above 101.6ºF in a year. By 2050, people in El Paso are projected to experience an average of about 37 days per year over 101.6ºF.

Climate change is increasing the frequency and intensity of heat waves, even in places with cooler average temperatures. See more information on heat risk. Everyone can take steps to reduce their risks from extreme heat.

Drought risk in El Paso, TX

The recent average water stress in El Paso is significant and projected to increase through 2050.

The Rio Grande-Fort Quitman watershed, which contains El Paso, TX, has experienced 791 weeks (69% of weeks) since 2000 with some of its area in drought of any level, and 142 weeks (12% of weeks) since 2000 with some of its area in Extreme or Exceptional drought. Source: National Drought Monitor.

Climate change is increasing the risk of drought. Water stress (the ratio of water demand to supply) depends on how water utilities source water and their plans to adapt to climate change. Property owners can also take steps to reduce their risks from drought.

Fire risk in El Paso, TX

The risk on the most dangerous fire weather days in El Paso is extreme. The number of these days per year is expected to increase through 2050.

Of 179 census tracts in El Paso, TX, there are 104 where more than a quarter of buildings have significant fire risk, and 66 where more than half of buildings have significant fire risk. Property owners can take steps to mitigate their risks from wildfires.

Fire risk depends on proximity to vegation: densely developed urban areas have a much lower risk of burning than areas adjacent to wildland. Climate change increases risks from wildfire by creating hotter, drier conditions for fires to spread. ClimateCheck ratings of fire risk are based on projected weather conditions and U.S. Forest Service models simulating fire behavior.

Flood risk in El Paso, TX

Buildings at risk in El Paso average about a 33% chance of a flood about 1.7 feet deep over 30 years.

Of 179 census tracts in El Paso, TX, there are 35 where more than half of buildings have significant risk from surface (pluvial) flooding and riverine (fluvial) flooding.Property owners can check a specific address for flood risk including FEMA flood zone, then take steps to reduce their vulnerability to flooding damage.

Climate change is increasing inland and coastal flooding risk due to sea level rise and increasing chances of extreme precipitation. See more information on flooding risk.

Precipitation risk in El Paso, TX

The amount of precipitation during the most extreme days in El Paso is projected to remain about the same through 2050.

An extreme storm for El Paso, TX is a 48-hour rainfall total greater than 0.3 inches. Historically, about 5.2" of rain (or the equivalent in snow) fell over about 9 storms each year. By 2050, about 4.9" of rain are projected over about 10 storms each year. The annual precipitation in El Paso, TX is projected to remain about the same, 8.9".

Extreme precipitation in any form can pose significant risks. Climate change increases the potential for extreme rainfall or snowfall because warmer air can hold more water vapor. See more information on storm risk. Property owners can take steps to reduce their risks from extreme precipitation.

How can we prevent and adapt to climate change?

Mitigating climate change, by eliminating our emissions into the atmosphere and reducing our strain on the environment, and adapting to our changing planet are both vital to our well-being.

Understand Risks

The risks presented on this page reflect averages for El Paso, TX and can vary for individual properties. Check your address and request a report describing risks to your property and in your area.

Protect Homes and Communities

Check our free report for tips on protecting your home from hazards.

Green infrastructure is a category of nature-based solutions for managing increasing precipitation. Find resources for individuals and municipalities through the EPA Soak Up the Rain initiative.

Planting trees and vegetation helps reduce extreme heat in urban environments. Cool pavements can also help. Search the Heat Island Community Actions Database to see what some municipalities have been doing to reduce extreme heat risk.

Read more about building resilience for communities: U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit

Use the Common Cause tool to find your representatives, how to contact them, and information about political contributions and bills they have introduced.

Find Balance

Reducing emissions is necessary and possible across the globe and in every part of our society. Learn more with the Project Drawdown introduction to climate solutions.

Estimate your emissions with the CoolClimate calculator.