Norfolk, VA

Top Climate Change Risks:

Precipitation, Heat, Flood

Risk Snapshot

Climate Change Hazard Ratings for Norfolk, VA

Ratings represent risk relative to the continuous United States. 100 is the highest risk for the hazard and 1 is the lowest for the U.S., but does not indicate no risk. Flood and fire are rated based on the buildings in Norfolk exposed to these hazards. See hazard sections below and check your address for details.

People in Norfolk, VA are especially likely to experience increased risks from precipitation, heat, and flood.

Precipitation risk in Norfolk, VA is extreme. Heat risk is very high. Drought risk is relatively low. About 87% of buildings in Norfolk, VA are at risk of flooding, and the risk level for these buildings is significant. About 7% of buildings in Norfolk, VA are at risk of wildfire, and the risk level for these buildings is relatively low.

Fire and flood risk can vary significantly for individual properties within a city. Check your address for detailed heat, storm, fire, drought, and flood risk through 2050.

Precipitation risk in Norfolk, VA

The amount of precipitation during the most extreme days in Norfolk is projected to increase.

An extreme storm for Norfolk, VA is a 48-hour rainfall total greater than 1.0 inches. Historically, about 18.9" of rain (or the equivalent in snow) fell over about 10 storms each year. By 2050, about 22.0" of rain are projected over about 13 storms each year. The annual precipitation in Norfolk, VA is projected to increase from about 46.7" to about 49.3".

Extreme precipitation in any form can pose significant risks. Climate change increases the potential for extreme rainfall or snowfall because warmer air can hold more water vapor. See more information on storm risk. Property owners can take steps to reduce their risks from extreme precipitation.

Heat risk in Norfolk, VA

The number of the hottest days in Norfolk is projected to keep increasing.

In a typical year between 1985-2005, people in Norfolk, VA experienced about 7 days above 94.0ºF in a year. By 2050, people in Norfolk are projected to experience an average of about 32 days per year over 94.0ºF.

Climate change is increasing the frequency and intensity of heat waves, even in places with cooler average temperatures. See more information on heat risk. Everyone can take steps to reduce their risks from extreme heat.

Flood risk in Norfolk, VA

Buildings at risk in Norfolk average about a 81% chance of a flood about 1.0 feet deep over 30 years.

Of 111 census tracts in Norfolk, VA, there are 109 where more than half of buildings have significant risk from storm surge, high tide flooding, surface (pluvial) flooding, and riverine (fluvial) flooding.Property owners can check a specific address for flood risk including FEMA flood zone, then take steps to reduce their vulnerability to flooding damage.

Climate change is increasing inland and coastal flooding risk due to sea level rise and increasing chances of extreme precipitation. See more information on flooding risk.

Drought risk in Norfolk, VA

The recent average water stress in Norfolk is low and projected to remain about the same through 2050.

The Hampton Roads watershed, which contains Norfolk, VA, has experienced 356 weeks (31% of weeks) since 2000 with some of its area in drought of any level, and 8 weeks (1% of weeks) since 2000 with some of its area in Extreme or Exceptional drought. Source: National Drought Monitor.

Climate change is increasing the risk of drought. Water stress (the ratio of water demand to supply) depends on how water utilities source water and their plans to adapt to climate change. Property owners can also take steps to reduce their risks from drought.

Fire risk in Norfolk, VA

The risk on the most dangerous fire weather days in Norfolk is low. The number of these days per year is expected to increase through 2050.

Of 111 census tracts in Norfolk, VA, there are 15 where more than a quarter of buildings have significant fire risk, and 2 where more than half of buildings have significant fire risk. Property owners can take steps to mitigate their risks from wildfires.

Fire risk depends on proximity to vegation: densely developed urban areas have a much lower risk of burning than areas adjacent to wildland. Climate change increases risks from wildfire by creating hotter, drier conditions for fires to spread. ClimateCheck ratings of fire risk are based on projected weather conditions and U.S. Forest Service models simulating fire behavior.

How can we prevent and adapt to climate change?

Mitigating climate change, by eliminating our emissions into the atmosphere and reducing our strain on the environment, and adapting to our changing planet are both vital to our well-being.

Understand Risks

The risks presented on this page reflect averages for Norfolk, VA and can vary for individual properties. Check your address and request a report describing risks to your property and in your area.

Protect Homes and Communities

Check our free report for tips on protecting your home from hazards.

Green infrastructure is a category of nature-based solutions for managing increasing precipitation. Find resources for individuals and municipalities through the EPA Soak Up the Rain initiative.

Planting trees and vegetation helps reduce extreme heat in urban environments. Cool pavements can also help. Search the Heat Island Community Actions Database to see what some municipalities have been doing to reduce extreme heat risk.

Read more about building resilience for communities: U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit

Use the Common Cause tool to find your representatives, how to contact them, and information about political contributions and bills they have introduced.

Find Balance

Reducing emissions is necessary and possible across the globe and in every part of our society. Learn more with the Project Drawdown introduction to climate solutions.

Estimate your emissions with the CoolClimate calculator.